Appropriate medications are available to treat the above mentioned parasites

Appropriate medications are available to treat the above mentioned parasites. Administer them in good time to prevent serious ulceration occurring at any site that has been attacked by parasites. Malachite green, formalin, potassium permanganate or salt preparations are often used.

Many commercial formulations are available, carefully follow the instructions supplied. Fungus diseases usually take hold after some other form of damage has occurred. Spores in the water settle in a wound and germinate. The cotton like threads appearing at the damage site are generally a sign of fungal infection.

The most commonly found fungus is Saprolegnia. If it gets into the gills, then breathing can be severely affected. Treatment must be prompt if affected fish are to survive. Branch is another fungus that invades the gills. The spores can also get into the blood stream and affect other organs.

Fish suspected of branch should be placed in isolation to prevent the spread of the disease. Many fish may be lost if isolation is delayed. Chilodonella is a heart shaped parasite that can multiply very quickly, even at low temperatures. Epistylis attaches itself to its host on stalks.

It reproduces by fission and the colonies produced can look like fungus. White spot can be easily seen on a fish. The parasite will multiply rapidly when the conditions are right, and the entire koi collection can become infected in a short space of time. Parasites break out of white spots in the skin and fall to the pond floor. Break the cycle here using a proprietary treatment to eliminate free swimming parasites. Each parasite forms a cyst around itself and reproduces by splitting.

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